In the developing brain, cell-surface proteins play crucial roles, but their protein-protein interaction network remains largely unknown. A proteomic screen identified 200 interactions, 89 of which were not previously published. Among these interactions, we find that the IgLONs, a family of five cell-surface neuronal proteins implicated in various human disorders, interact as homo- and heterodimers. We reveal their interaction patterns and report the dimeric crystal structures of Neurotrimin (NTRI), IgLON5, and the neuronal growth regulator 1 (NEGR1)/IgLON5 complex. We show that IgLONs maintain an extended conformation and that their dimerization occurs through the first Ig domain of each monomer and is Ca2+ independent. Cell aggregation shows that NTRI and NEGR1 homo- and heterodimerize in trans. Taken together, we report 89 unpublished cell-surface ligand-receptor pairs and describe structural models of trans interactions of IgLONs, showing that their structures are compatible with a model of interaction across the synaptic cleft. Many aspects of synapse formation, specification, and maturation rely on interactions among a rich repertoire of cell-surface glycoproteins with adhesive and repulsive properties. Although the identity of these proteins is known, their network of interactions remains largely untapped. Ranaivoson et al. have identified a number of protein-protein interactions and have determined the structures of three members of the IgLONs, a family of five proteins of the immunoglobulin superfamily that has recently been implicated in a wide range of human disease.
- ligand-receptor pair
- protein crystallography