AFM visualization of mobile influenza a M2 molecules in planar bilayers

Travis Hughes, Bradley Strongin, Fei Philip Gao, Viksita Vijayvergiya, David D. Busath, Robert C. Davis

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

16 Scopus citations


We report the observation of influenza A M2 (M2) incorporated in a dipalmitoylphosphatidylcholine (DPPC) supported planar bilayer on mica, formed by use of a modified vesicle fusion method from proteoliposomes and visualized with contact mode atomic force microscopy. Incubation of proteoliposomes in a hyperosmotic solution and increased DPPC/M2 weight ratios improved supported planar bilayer formation by M2/DPPC proteoliposomes. M2's extra-bilayer domains were observed as particles estimated to protrude 1-1.5 nm above the bilayer surface and <4 nm in diameter. Particle density was 5-18% of the nominal tetramer density. Movement of observable M2 particles was independent of the probe tip. The mean lateral diffusion coefficient (D) of M2 was 4.4 ± 1.0 × 10-14 cm2/s. Eighty-two percent of observable particles were mobile on the observable timescale (D > 6 × 10 -15 cm2/s). Protein-protein interactions were also observed directly.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)311-322
Number of pages12
JournalBiophysical Journal
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jul 2004


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