Age-based stereotype threat and neuropsychological performance in older adults

Cali Caughie, Oscar Kronenberger, Joshua Cobb, Helen Margaris, Craig McFarland, Stuart Hall

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Scopus citations

Abstract

The current study investigated the effects of age-based stereotype threat on neuropsychological assessment outcomes in an older adult population. Community volunteers (n = 49) age 65 and older were screened for cognitive impairment, depression, and anticholinergic medication use. Screened individuals were randomly stratified into either an ABST or a Control group. All participants were administered a broad range of neuropsychological measures of cognition as well as a self-rating measure assessing subjective concern about cognitive ability. A main effect of ABST on subjective concern about cognitive ability was supported. Specifically, individuals in the ABST group were significantly more likely to attribute their memory errors to the onset of dementia (F(1,41) = 5.334, p =.026). However, results showed no significant difference between groups on objective neuropsychological performance measures. The current study discusses the importance of considering ABST effects in the context of neuropsychological assessment in older adult populations.    .

Original languageEnglish
JournalAging, Neuropsychology, and Cognition
DOIs
StateAccepted/In press - 2022

Keywords

  • Aging
  • cognition
  • neuropsychological assessment
  • older adults
  • stereotype threat
  • subjective cognitive concern

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