Anionic water soluble siloxane polymers have been synthesized and characterized for electrokinetic chromatography. Siloxane polymers are of interest in electrokinetic chromatography because of the wide variety of chemistries that can be developed based on these backbones, including much of the stationary phase chemistry developed in the last 30 years. The siloxanes in this study have a sulfonate functional group. The siloxanes have different length alkyl chains (C8, C12, C18) attached to the backbone in differing densities. The methylene selectivity generally increases with increasing alkyl chain length and with increasing alkyl chain density. The electrophoretic mobility appears to pass through a maximum as more alkyl chain is added to the siloxane backbone. The efficiency also would seem to pass through a maximum as more alkyl chain is added. The chemical selectivities of the siloxane polymers are very different from sodium dodecyl sulfate but are similar to each other.
- Electrokinetic chromatography
- Pseudostationary phases
- Siloxane pseudostationary phases