A novel polymeric pseudostationary phase for electrokinetic chromatography is introduced and characterized. Siloxane polymers are of interest for this application because of the range of chemistries that could be developed based on these backbones, and because successful development of siloxane polymers would make it possible to employ much of the stationary phase chemistry developed in the past thirty years. A commercially available water-soluble siloxane with a hydroxy-terminated alkyl group was converted to the sulfate derivative. This siloxane polymer is water-soluble, effectively eliminating this limitation associated with siloxane polymers. When employed as a pseudostationary phase, this compound provided rapid, efficient, and selective separations. The electrophoretic mobility of the polymer was less than sodium dodecyl sulfate (SDS) and poly(sodium 10-undecenylsulfate), providing a compressed migration time range, which is the main limiting factor for this polymer. The chemical selectivity of the siloxane sulfate was somewhat different than SDS micelles. The siloxane was employed in buffers modified with a large amount of acetonitrile to separate a number of polynuclear aromatic hydrocarbons. The addition of acetonitrile caused an apparent discontinuity in the electrophoretic mobility of the polymer, which may indicate a change in the structure with increasing organic solvent content.
|Number of pages
|Published - 2000
- Electrokinetic chromatography
- Pseudostationary phase
- Silicone polymers