An Evaluation of the Drug Permeability Properties of Human Cadaveric In Situ Tympanic and Round Window Membranes

Joachim G.S. Veit, Bhaskar Birru, Yong Wang, Ruby Singh, Elizabeth M. Arrigali, Ryan Park, Briggs Miller, Matthew A. Firpo, Albert H. Park, Monica A. Serban

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

9 Scopus citations


It is estimated that hearing loss currently affects more than 1.5 billion people, or approximately 20% of the global population; however, presently, there are no Food and Drug Administration-approved therapeutics or prophylactics for this condition. While continued research on the development of otoprotective drugs to target this clear unmet need is an obvious path, there are numerous challenges to translating promising therapeutic candidates into human clinical testing. The screening of promising drug candidates relies exclusively on preclinical models. Current models do not permit the rapid high-throughput screening of promising drug candidates, and their relevance to clinical scenarios is often ambiguous. With the current study, we seek to understand the drug permeability properties of the cadaveric tympanic and round window membranes with the goal of generating knowledge that could inform the design and/or evaluation of in vitro organotypic models. The development of such models could enable the early high-throughput screening of topical therapeutic candidates and should address some of the limitations of currently used animal models.

Original languageEnglish
Article number1037
Issue number9
StatePublished - Sep 2022


This research was funded by Office of Naval Research grant number N00014-20-1-2874.

FundersFunder number
Office of Naval ResearchN00014-20-1-2874


    • drug diffusion
    • round window membrane
    • temporal bone
    • tympanic membrane


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