Big events, little change: Extreme climatic events have no region-wide effect on Great Barrier Reef governance

Amber Datta, Michele L. Barnes, Brian Chaffin, Theresa Floyd, Tiffany Morrison, Sarah Sutcliffe

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Extreme climatic events trigger changes in ecosystems with potential negative impacts for people. These events may provide an opportunity for environmental managers and decision-makers to improve the governance of social-ecological systems, however there is conflicting evidence regarding whether these actors are indeed able to change governance after extreme climatic events. In addition, the majority of research to date has focused on changes in specific policies or organizations after crises. A broader investigation of governance actors’ activities is needed to more fully understand whether or not crises trigger change. Here we demonstrate the use of a social network analysis of management and decision-making forums (e.g. meetings, partnerships) to reveal the effects of an extreme climatic event on governance of the Great Barrier Reef over an eight-year period. To assess potential shifts in action, we examine the topics of forums and the relative participation and influence of diverse governance actors before, during, and after two back-to-back mass coral bleaching events in 2016 and 2017. Our analysis reveals that there is little change in the topics that receive attention, and in the relative participation and influence of different actor groups in the region. Our research demonstrates that network analysis of forums is useful for analyzing whether or not actors’ activities and priorities evolve over time. Our results provide empirical evidence that governance actors struggle to leverage extreme climate events as windows of opportunity and further research is needed to identify alternative opportunities to improve governance.

Original languageEnglish
Article number115809
JournalJournal of Environmental Management
Volume320
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 15 2022

Keywords

  • Adaptive governance
  • Climate change
  • Coral bleaching
  • Extreme climatic events
  • Forums
  • Social networks

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