Blood glucose and glucoregulatory hormone responses to solid and liquid carbohydrate ingestion during exercise

Robert A. Robergs, Susie B. McMinn, Cristine Mermier, Guy Leadbetter, Brent Ruby, Chris Quinn

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

This study was conducted to compare blood glucose and glucoregulatory hormone responses to the ingestion of solid and liquid carbohydrate (CHO) during prolonged cycling, followed by 30 min of isokinetic cycling. Eight male cyclists randomly completed three cycling trials (LC = liquid CHO, SCE = solid CHO with water equal to LC, SCA = solid CHO + ad libitum water). Each subject cycled for 120 min at 65% of V̇O2max with CHO ingestion (0.6 g CHO/ kg/hr) at 0, 30, 60, 90, and 120 min. Subjects then completed a 30-min maximal isokinetic ride at 90 rpm. There was no significant (p < .05) difference between the trials for plasma glucose, insulin, glucagon, glycerol, lactate, RER, HR, V̇O2, RPE, and total work performed during the isokinetic ride. However, serum glucose was significantly lower in the SCE and SCA trials compared to LC at 80 min. The ingestion of a solid food containing CHO, protein, and fat with added water produced similar blood glucose, metabolic, glucoregulatory hormone, and exercise performance responses to those seen with the ingestion of liquid CHO.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)70-83
Number of pages14
JournalInternational Journal of Sport Nutrition and Exercise Metabolism
Volume8
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 1998

Keywords

  • Endurance
  • Glucagon
  • Glycemic response
  • Hydration
  • Insulin

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'Blood glucose and glucoregulatory hormone responses to solid and liquid carbohydrate ingestion during exercise'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this