Building a systems framework to facilitate adaptive organizational change in state fish and wildlife agencies

Richard E.W. Berl, Michael J. Manfredo, Mark Gasta, Dean Smith, Leeann Sullivan, Cynthia A. Jacobson, Chad Bishop, Judy Camuso, Thomas Eason, John P. Hayes, Rick Jacobson, Curt Melcher, Jennifer Newmark, Pete Novotny, Sara Parker Pauley, Carter Smith, Catherine Sparks, Kathryn Stoner, J. D. Strong, Jeff Ver Steeg

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


    State fish and wildlife agencies in the United States are confronted with the realities of a rapidly changing society. With declines in historical sources of revenue and the growth of diverse voices with values that differ from those emphasized by traditional policies and user groups, agencies are faced with diminishing relevancy and are encountering institutional challenges that inhibit their ability to serve the broader public. Here, in collaboration with a group of fish and wildlife agency leaders from 11 states, conservation professionals, and academics, we employ qualitative methods and concepts from systems theory to develop an integrative model of a state wildlife agency. We use this model to identify leverage points to induce transformational change toward an ideal future state: one driven by a system of shared values toward wildlife and a mission to improve quality of life for all people. Our findings point to the importance of developing interventions that will lead to changes in agency culture, systems of governance, and policy and action, and enhance the accessibility of natural resources and opportunities for diverse publics to engage with and benefit from fish and wildlife. We offer recommendations for state wildlife agencies to engage in adaptive organizational change and for university programs to support agency needs.

    Original languageEnglish
    Article numbere591
    JournalConservation Science and Practice
    Issue number2
    StatePublished - Feb 2022


    Dive into the research topics of 'Building a systems framework to facilitate adaptive organizational change in state fish and wildlife agencies'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

    Cite this