Causes and effects of child welfare workforce turnover: Current state of knowledge and future directions

Jessica S. Strolin, Mary McCarthy, Jim Caringi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

This paper provides an overview of the current state of knowledge on the causes and effects of workforce turnover in child welfare. The causes of workforce turnover are abundant and have been categorized into three areas cited most often throughout the literature: individual factors, supervisory factors, and organizational factors. On the other hand, the empirical research on the effects of workforce turnover in child welfare is scant. This paper discusses the need for new empirical knowledge on the relationship between turnover and child welfare outcomes. The authors conclude with consideration of the gaps in the research and implications for social work practice and profession.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)29-52
Number of pages24
JournalJournal of Public Child Welfare
Volume1
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - 2006

Keywords

  • Child welfare
  • Client outcomes
  • Workforce turnover

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