Collaborative Reasoning and children's development of language and thought

Shufeng Ma, Richard C. Anderson, Jingjing Sun

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapterpeer-review


This chapter describes a collaborative learning format called Collaborative Reasoning (CR) that facilitates the simultaneous development of language and thought. CR features peer-led, open-format discussions, in which children exchange ideas with peers and improve each other's mental models through constructive interaction. Cross-cultural studies have suggested a dynamic relationship between the development of language and thought during CR, where each reciprocally enhances the other. Results indicate children can overcome the constraints of their own level of cognitive development, enhance their language skills, and develop higher-order thinking across various social, educational, and cultural contexts.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationInternational Encyclopedia of Education
Subtitle of host publicationFourth Edition
Number of pages7
ISBN (Electronic)9780128186299
StatePublished - Jan 1 2022


  • Collaborative Reasoning
  • Higher-order thinking and reasoning
  • Language and literacy
  • Reciprocal development


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