Computer based learning systems and the development of computer self-efficacy: Are all sources of efficacy created equal?

Andrew M. Hardin, Clayton A. Looney, Mark A. Fuller

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contributionpeer-review

Abstract

The use of computer-based learning (CBL) systems by information systems educators is rapidly growing. While improvements in student computer skills test results have been attributed to the use of such systems, little is known about the theoretical mechanisms that may be contributing to such improvements, or whether all students benefit equally from all CBL system training features. In this study, we explore self-efficacy theory as a framework for understanding how CBL systems influence student computer performance. More specifically, we examine the effectiveness of CBL systems in raising efficacy beliefs via two sources of efficacy information - enactive mastery and vicarious experience. Preliminary results revealed that students with lower initial specific computer self-efficacy (SCSE) beliefs benefited more from vicarious learning features that demonstrated concepts, whereas those with higher initial SCSE beliefs benefited more from enactive mastery features in which they could experiment on their own. Moreover, post training SCSE judgments were significantly related to computer skills testing scores. Based on our findings, educators can more precisely match CBL features with student demographics such as initial SCSE perceptions, and in turn, improve downstream student computer skills testing performance.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationAssociation for Information Systems - 12th Americas Conference On Information Systems, AMCIS 2006
Pages2187-2197
Number of pages11
StatePublished - 2006
Event12th Americas Conference on Information Systems, AMCIS 2006 - Acapulco, Mexico
Duration: Aug 4 2006Aug 6 2006

Publication series

NameAssociation for Information Systems - 12th Americas Conference On Information Systems, AMCIS 2006
Volume4

Conference

Conference12th Americas Conference on Information Systems, AMCIS 2006
Country/TerritoryMexico
CityAcapulco
Period08/4/0608/6/06

Keywords

  • Computer performance
  • Computer self-efficacy
  • Computer-based learning

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