Contributions of inner-valence molecular orbitals and multiphoton resonances to high-order-harmonic generation of N2: A time-dependent density-functional-theory study

Xi Chu, Gerrit C. Groenenboom

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Using a time-dependent density-functional-theory (TDDFT) method, we calculated the high-harmonic generation (HHG) spectra of N2 in 800- and 1300-nm intense lasers. The calculations reproduce the experimentally observed minimum near 40 eV and the shift of the minimum due to interference of different molecular orbitals. They also support the proposed shape resonance near 30 eV. The TDDFT method allows us to analyze the involvement of different electronic configurations in the HHG process. We identified a significant role of Rydberg states and autoionizing states in enhancing HHG. This finding is consistent with studies of photoelectron spectra in a similar energy range. Moreover, we discover a significant contribution of the 2σg orbital above 40 eV, demonstrating the complexity of electronic structure information contained in molecular HHG. At high energy not only the HOMO and HOMO-1 are important, as suggested by earlier studies, but the HOMO-3 contributes substantially as well.

Original languageEnglish
Article number013422
JournalPhysical Review A
Volume93
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 25 2016

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