COVID-19, Disability, and the International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health: A Scoping Review of Early-Stage Pandemic Response

Mackenzie G. Jones, Philippa J. Clarke, Hana Shewamoltot Meshesha, Kristine A. Mulhorn, Meg Ann Traci, Els R. Nieuwenhuijsen

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

Abstract

Introduction: This study aimed to systematically identify the environmental factors that impacted people with disability during the COVID-19 pandemic. Methods: A scoping literature review was conducted using LitCOVID (January 1–July 31, 2020). Sixty-six articles met the inclusion criteria that (1) discussed disability and/or health conditions related to functioning and (2) considered environmental factors. A qualitative content analysis was conducted using codes from the WHO International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health. Results: A total of 212 International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health codes were used in the coding process. The most frequent codes referred to health services policies and public health guidelines. These policies, although generally considered facilitators for minimizing infection, were frequently identified as barriers to the health, participation, and human rights of people with disability. The lack of disability-specific population data was identified as a key barrier to planning and decision making. Conclusions: The social determinants of health for people with disability were not adequately considered in the acute phase of infection prevention at the population level. Integrating the International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health in emergency management provides a tool to evaluate functioning and address barriers for those in need.

Original languageEnglish
Article number100152
Pages (from-to)100152
JournalAJPM Focus
Volume3
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 2024

Keywords

  • COVID-19
  • Disability
  • International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health
  • inclusive emergency management
  • scoping review

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