Cross-cultural efficacy of American low-impact programs: A comparison between Garhwal guide beliefs on environmental behavior and American outdoor travel norms

Christopher Serenari, Keith Bosak, Aram Attarian

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

    Abstract

    In America, recreationists on public lands are expected to follow behavioral norms codified through low-impact programs. Such programs have been exported to countries all over the world with little or no critical thought about their efficacy in other cultural contexts. The present study examined the normative assumptions of the Leave No Trace program in the context of adventure tourism guides in the Garhwal Himalaya of India to determine the efficacy of implementing such programs in a different cultural context. We identified what salient beliefs prompt whitewater rafting and trekking guides' intention to perform pro-environmental behavior. We then compared the results with the belief system used for the basis of Leave No Trace. Results revealed that an American appeal to personal responsibility in Garhwal may not succeed for a variety of reasons. This study helps lay a foundation for much needed research on pro-environmental behavior and improved resource management techniques in the Indian Himalaya.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)50-60
    Number of pages11
    JournalTourism Management
    Volume34
    DOIs
    StatePublished - Feb 2013

    Keywords

    • Ethics
    • Guides
    • India
    • Leave No Trace
    • Tourism impacts

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