Cumulative disaster exposure, gender and the protective action decision model

Jessica L. Liddell, Leia Y. Saltzman, Regardt J. Ferreira, Amy E. Lesen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

11 Scopus citations


The relationship between gender, disaster exposure, and the Protective Action Decision Model (PADM) is explored through a survey administered to 326 Gulf Coast residents following the Deep-Water Horizon oil spill. Structural Equation Modeling was used to find that disaster exposure demonstrated a significant negative effect on PADM, such that greater exposure was associated with lower scores (g = −3.09, p < .001). Similarly, gender was a significant covariate in the model, such that being female was associated with an increase in scores (g = 0.33, p < .05). This work highlights the relationships between gender, cumulative disaster exposure, and the PADM.

Original languageEnglish
Article number100042
JournalProgress in Disaster Science
StatePublished - Jan 2020


  • Disaster recovery
  • Protective Action Decision Model
  • Technological disaster


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