Several types of synchronization have been described theoretically and observed experimentally. However, the boundaries between the synchronization states are often blurred. Observing subtle details between different degrees of synchronization is a challenging task not discussed systematically in the literature so far. We present a unified approach that is able to quantify synchronization of chaotic systems by accurately identifying the coupling strength by available measured data. Here, we apply an estimation approach based on summary statistics that are sensitive with respect to changes in the measured time series as well as to the underlying geometry of the attractor of the synchronized system. This method allows distinguishing specific types of synchronizations and monitoring degrees of synchronization in a continuous way, for any values of the coupling strength parameter. As a result, one can identify and quantify both well-known and less discussed, fragile states such as emerging synchronization, chaos suppression, escape events, or unexpected instability occurring at strong couplings strengths.
- Chaos suppression
- correlation integral likelihood
- emerging synchronization
- feature vector
- parameter estimation
- quasi-complete synchronization