Depressive symptoms during the perinatal period by disability status: Findings from the United States Pregnancy Risk Assessment Monitoring System

Jeanne L. Alhusen, Rosemary B. Hughes, Genevieve Lyons, Kathryn Laughon

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Scopus citations

Abstract

Aims: The aim of the current study was to compare the prevalence of depressive symptoms during the perinatal period among respondents with a disability as compared to those without a disability. Design: We conducted a secondary analysis of nationally representative data from the Pregnancy Risk Assessment Monitoring System data from 24 participating United States between 2018 and 2020. Methods: A cross-sectional sample of 37,989 respondents provided data on disability, including difficulty in vision, hearing, ambulation, cognition, communication and self-care. The outcome of interest was perinatal depressive symptoms, defined as experiencing depressive symptoms during the antenatal period or postpartum period. Regression models were used to calculate odds of depressive symptoms during these two time periods by disability status while controlling for relevant sociodemographic characteristics and depressive symptoms prior to pregnancy. Results: Respondents with disabilities experienced a higher prevalence of depressive symptoms in both the antenatal period and postpartum period as compared to those without disabilities. In fully adjusted models, respondents with disabilities had 2.4 times the odds of experiencing depressive symptoms during pregnancy and 2.1 times the odds of experiencing postpartum depressive symptoms as compared to respondents without disabilities. Conclusion: Respondents with disabilities experience a higher prevalence of depressive symptoms throughout the perinatal period thereby increasing the risk for adverse maternal, neonatal and infant health outcomes. Impact: Perinatal depression is a significant public health issue globally, and our findings suggest that persons with disability are at an increased risk for depressive symptoms both during pregnancy and in the postpartum period. Our findings represent a call to action to improve clinical and supportive services for women with disabilities during the perinatal period to improve their mental health and the consequent health of their offspring. Patient or Public Contribution: We thank our Community Advisory Board members who have been instrumental in the conception of this study.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)223-233
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of Advanced Nursing
Volume79
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 2023

Keywords

  • antepartum depression
  • disability
  • nurses
  • postpartum depression
  • pregnancy
  • Parturition
  • Cross-Sectional Studies
  • Risk Assessment
  • Humans
  • Depression, Postpartum/diagnosis
  • Risk Factors
  • Pregnancy
  • United States/epidemiology
  • Depression/epidemiology
  • Pregnancy Complications/epidemiology
  • Female
  • Infant, Newborn

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'Depressive symptoms during the perinatal period by disability status: Findings from the United States Pregnancy Risk Assessment Monitoring System'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this