Designing Synthetic Overhead Imagery to Match a Target Geographic Region: Preliminary Results Training Deep Learning Models

Varun Nair, Paul Rhee, Jichen Yang, Bohao Huang, Kyle Bradbury, Jordan M. Malof

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contributionpeer-review

Abstract

Convolutional Neural Networks (CNNs) have dominated performance on benchmark problems for object recognition in remote sensing imagery. However, recent work has shown that they may perform poorly when tested on imagery collected over a geographic location that was not present in its training imagery. In this work we explore the potential of designing synthetic overhead imagery to match a target geographic region (e.g., city or county), after which the synthetic imagery could be used to train deep learning models to recognize the unique visual features of objects/background in the target geographic location. We term this approach geographic domain matching. Towards this goal, we utilize a publicly-available dataset of synthetic overhead imagery, Synthinel-1. We systematically alter individual visual features of Synthinel-1 in an effort to match one real-world testing city: Vienna, Austria. We then evaluate whether these individual alterations improve the performance benefits of Synthinel-1 on Vienna and other cities. The results suggest that our proposed methodologies for altering the synthetic imagery to match Vienna were effective, thereby taking first step towards developing methods for designing synthetic overhead imagery for domain matching.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publication2020 IEEE International Geoscience and Remote Sensing Symposium, IGARSS 2020 - Proceedings
PublisherInstitute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc.
Pages948-951
Number of pages4
ISBN (Electronic)9781728163741
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 26 2020
Event2020 IEEE International Geoscience and Remote Sensing Symposium, IGARSS 2020 - Virtual, Waikoloa, United States
Duration: Sep 26 2020Oct 2 2020

Publication series

NameInternational Geoscience and Remote Sensing Symposium (IGARSS)

Conference

Conference2020 IEEE International Geoscience and Remote Sensing Symposium, IGARSS 2020
Country/TerritoryUnited States
CityVirtual, Waikoloa
Period09/26/2010/2/20

Keywords

  • building segmentation
  • domain adaptation
  • overhead imagery
  • segmentation

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