Differentially expressed gene products in glioblastoma cells suppressed for tumorigenicity

Azra H. Ligon, Mark A. Pershouse, Samar Jasser, Yong Kil Hong, W. K.Alfred Yung, Peter A. Steck

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

The loss of large segments or an entire copy of chromosome 10 is the most common genetic alteration in human glioblastomas. To address the biological and molecular consequences of this chromosomal alteration, we transferred a human chromosome 10 into a glioma cell clone devoid of an intact copy. The hybrid cells exhibited an altered cellular morphology, a decreased saturation density, and a suppression of both anchorage-independent growth and tumor formation in nude mice. The hybrids also expressed the recently identified candidate tumor suppressor gene MMAC1/PTEN. To further identify gene products that may be involved in glioma progression, a subtractive hybridization was performed between the human glioblastoma cells and the phenotypically suppressed hybrid cells to identify differentially expressed gene products. Sixty-one clones were identified, with nine clones being preferentially expressed in the hybrid cells. Four cDNA clones represented markers of differentiation in glial cells. Two cDNA clones shared homology with platelet derived growth factor-α and the insulin receptor, respectively, both genes previously implicated in glioma progression. A novel gene product that was expressed predominantly in the brain, but which did not map to chromosome 10, was also identified. This clone contained an element that was also present in three additional clones, two of which also exhibited differential expression. Consequently, the presence of a functional copy of chromosome 10 in the glioma cells results in differential expression of a number of gene products, including novel genes as well as those associated with glial cell differentiation.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)217-226
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of NeuroVirology
Volume4
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 1998

Keywords

  • Chromosome 10
  • Differential gene expression
  • MMAC1
  • Tumor suppression

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