The phosphorylation of DNA topoisomerase I in quiescent murine 3T3-L1 fibroblasts treated with the tumor promoter 12-O-tetradecanoylphorbol-13-acetate (TPA) was characterized by in vivo labeling with [32P] orthophosphate and immunoprecipitation with a scleroderma anti-DNA topoisomerase I autoantibody. DNA topoisomerase I phosphorylation was stimulated 4-fold by 2 h of TPA treatment (TPA at 100 ng/ml maximally enhanced phosphorylation). Purified DNA topoisomerase I was phosphorylated in vitro in a Ca2+ and phospholipid-dependent fashion by types I, II, and III protein kinase C. The phosphorylation reaction was stimulated by TPA and had an apparent Km of 0.4 μM. DNA topoisomerase I was phosphorylated in vivo and in vitro predominantly at serine. The major tryptic phosphopeptides from DNA topoisomerase I in TPA-treated fibroblasts and phosphorylated by protein kinase C comigrated in thin-layer electrophoresis. The half-life of incorporated phosphate on DNA topoisomerase I was 40 min in both TPA-treated and control cells. These results suggest that phosphorylation is a mechanism for activating DNA topoisomerase I in fibroblasts treated with TPA and that protein kinase C functions in the phosphorylation.
|Number of pages
|Journal of Biological Chemistry
|Published - Jun 5 1992