Do Athletes with a Reconstructed Anterior Cruciate Ligament Respond Differently Than Controls to Visual Challenges When Dynamic Postural Stability is Assessed?

Nathan J. Robey, Kurt O. Buchholz, Shane P. Murphy, Jeremy D. Smith, Gary D. Heise

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Individuals returning to sport after anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction (ACLR) are at an increased risk of sustaining a subsequent ACL injury. It is suspected that increased reliance on visual information to maintain stability may factor into this increased risk. The connection between visual reliance and ACLR is not well understood during dynamic tasks. Examination of the proposed visual reliance may help improve returning to sport standards and reduce subsequent ACL injury risk. A total of 12 ACLR individuals and 12 age- and sex-matched controls completed several trials of a normalized dynamic hop task on both limbs under 3 different visual conditions (eyes open, low visual disruption, and high visual disruption). Stroboscopic eyewear were worn by each participant to disrupt vision during testing. Ground reaction force data were collected during landing. Dynamic postural stability was assessed using 2 separate calculations: dynamic postural stability index and time to stability. No significant statistical interactions or group differences were observed. The stroboscopic eyewear did increase the medial–lateral stability index from the eyes open to the low visual disruption condition (P < .05). These findings suggest that ACLR individuals do not rely on visual information more than controls during a dynamic hop task.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)611-618
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Applied Biomechanics
Issue number6
StatePublished - Dec 2021


  • ACL
  • return to sport
  • single-limb landing
  • vision

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