Duration of television watching is associated with increased body mass index

Harsohena Kaur, Won S. Choi, Matthew S. Mayo, Kari Jo Harris

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

95 Scopus citations

Abstract

Objective: To assess the effect of television viewing on subsequent change in body mass index (BMI = kg/m2) percentiles (BMI%) in adolescence. Study design: Data were drawn from the California Teen Longitudinal Survey of adolescents 12 to 17 years old with baseline assessment in 1993 and follow-up in 1996. Self-reported height and weight were used to calculate BMI and derive age-specific and sex-specific BMI%. Hours of television watched per day were obtained at baseline (BTV). The relations of BTV and BMI percentiles both at baseline and after 3 years were assessed with linear regression modeling. Results: Of 2223 adolescents (52% male, 68% white), 5.85% (n = 130) were overweight (BMI ≥95th percentile) at baseline and 5.40% (n = 120) at follow-up. Mean BTV was 2.85 (SD, 1.98). In adjusted models, with each additional hour of BTV, the baseline BMI% increased by .9, and the follow-up BMI% increased by .47. Adolescents who watched more than 2 hours of television a day were twice as likely to be overweight at follow-up as adolescents who watched ≤2 hours. Conclusions: Television viewing leads to a subsequent increase in BMI percentiles and overweight. Efforts to decrease overweight should consider interventions to reduce television time.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)506-511
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Pediatrics
Volume143
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 2003

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