Education Through TIME: Representations of U.S. Education on TIME Magazine Covers

Dani Kachorsky, Stephanie F. Reid, Kathryn Chapman

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

5 Scopus citations


This study examined how TIME Magazine has visually represented and communicated ideas about education from TIME Magazine’s inception in 1923 through 2019. Drawing on theories of visual culture and social semiotic approaches to multimodality, the researchers conducted a qualitative multimodal content analysis of 115 covers that featured content related to education and schooling. The findings included (a) names and places are used to suggest authority, power, or relevance in education circles; (b) learning and schooling are presented as having not changed over time; (c) overgeneralized and metonymic representations can stand for broad categories of education stakeholders; (d) schools are presented as in need of fixing; and (e) schools are perceived as sites for larger, sociopolitical debates.

Original languageEnglish
JournalAERA Open
Issue number3
StatePublished - Jul 1 2020


  • TIME Magazine
  • content analysis
  • education
  • multimodal
  • representation


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