Effect of an ala81his mutation on the met80 loop dynamics of iso-1-cytochrome c

Swati Bandi, Bruce E. Bowler

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

An A81H variant of yeast iso-1-cytochrome c is prepared to test the hypothesis that the steric size of the amino acid at sequence position 81 of cytochrome c, which has evolved from Ala in yeast to Ile in mammals, slows the dynamics of the opening of the heme crevice. The A81H mutation is used both to increase steric size and to provide a probe of the dynamics of the heme crevice through measurement of the thermodynamics and kinetics of the His81-mediated alkaline conformational transition of A81H iso-1-cytochrome c. Thermodynamic measurements show that the native conformer is more stable than the His81-heme alkaline conformer for A81H iso-1-cytochrome c. ΔGu°(H2O) is approximately 1.9 kcal/mol for formation of the His81-heme alkaline conformer. By contrast, for K79H iso-1-cytochrome c, the native conformer is less stable than the His79-heme alkaline conformer. ΔGu°(H2O) is approximately -0.34 kcal/mol for formation of the His79-heme alkaline conformer. pH jump and gated electron transfer kinetics demonstrate that this stabilization of the native conformer in A81H iso-1-cytochrome c arises primarily from a decrease in the rate constant for formation of the His81-heme alkaline conformer, kf,His81, relative to kf,His79 for formation of the His79-heme alkaline conformer, which forms by a mechanism similar to that observed for the His81-heme alkaline conformer. The result is discussed in terms of the effect of global protein stability on protein dynamics and in terms of optimization of the sequence of cytochrome c for its role as a peroxidase in the early stages of apoptosis in higher eukaryotes.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1729-1742
Number of pages14
JournalBiochemistry
Volume54
Issue number9
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 10 2015

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'Effect of an ala81his mutation on the met80 loop dynamics of iso-1-cytochrome c'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this