Effects of a founder event and supplementary introductions on genetic variation in a captive breeding population of the endangered Spanish killifish

S. Schönhuth, G. Luikart, I. Doadrio

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Twelve polymorphic allozyme loci were employed to assess the genetic change in a captive breeding population of the endangered killifish Aphanius baeticus in the Doñana National Park, south-western Spain. The initial founder event did not significantly reduce the allelic richness or the expected heterozygosity. No genetic bottleneck signature was detected by tests for deviation from mutation-drift equilibrium. The FST between the wild source and captive population, however, was relatively high (0.053 or 0.122 when excluding or including the locus IDHP-1* respectively), after just two to three generations in captivity. Two generations after the incorporation of 68 new wild specimens (greater than five generations after founding) decreased the genetic differences and the FST (0.041 excluding IDHP-1*). The restoration efforts appeared to be helpful and the study of 12 polymorphic loci and a sensitive parameter such as FST were useful for monitoring genetic changes in captivity. Nonetheless, future monitoring should include additional highly polymorphic loci (microsatellites) to achieve higher power to detect genetic change. Such restoration and monitoring efforts should help to avoid rapid inbreeding, adaptation to captivity, and to maintain the long-term evolutionary potential in small isolated populations.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1538-1551
Number of pages14
JournalJournal of Fish Biology
Volume63
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 2003

Keywords

  • Bottleneck
  • Conservation
  • Endemism
  • F
  • Gene flow restoration
  • Genetic rescue

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