Electron Spin Lattice Relaxation Rates for S = 1/2 Molecular Species in Glassy Matrices or Magnetically Dilute Solids at Temperatures between 10 and 300 K

Yi Zhou, Bruce E. Bowler, Gareth R. Eaton, Sandra S. Eaton

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

85 Scopus citations

Abstract

The temperature dependence of X-band electron spin-lattice relaxation between about 10 and 300 K in magnetically dilute solids and up to the softening temperature in glassy solvents was analyzed for three organic radicals and 14 S = 1/2 transition metal complexes. Contributions from the direct, Raman, local vibrational mode, thermally activated, and Orbach processes were considered. For most samples it was necessary to include more than one process to fit the experimental data. Debye temperatures were between 50 and 135 K. For small molecules the Debye temperature required to fit the relaxation data was higher in 1:1 water:glycerol than in organic solvents. For larger molecules the Debye temperature was less dependent upon solvent and more dependent upon the characteristics of the molecule. The coefficients of the Raman process increased with increasing g anisotropy and decreasing rigidity of the molecule. For the transition metal complexes the data are consistent with major contributions from local modes with energies in the range of 185 to 350 K (130 to 240 cm-1). The coefficient for this contribution increases in the order 3d < 4d transition metal. For C-60 anions there is a major contribution from a thermally activated process with an activation energy of about 240 cm-1. For low-spin hemes the dominant contribution at higher temperatures is from a local mode or thermally activated process with a characteristic energy of about 175 cm-1.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)165-174
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Magnetic Resonance
Volume139
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 1999

Keywords

  • Debye temperature
  • Electron spin-lattice relaxation
  • Local vibrational mode
  • Orbach process
  • Raman process
  • Thermally activated process
  • Transition metal

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