A cationic manganese porphyrin, MnIII-TDMImP, is an efficient, homogeneous, single-site water oxidation electrocatalyst at neutral pH. The measured turnover frequency for oxygen production is 32 s-1. Mechanistic analyses indicate that MnV(O)(OH2), the protonated form of the corresponding trans-MnV(O)2 species, is generated from the MnIII(OH2)2 precursor in a 2-e- two-proton process and is responsible for O-O bond formation with a H2O molecule. Chloride ion is a competitive substrate with H2O for the MnV(O)(OH2) oxidant, forming hypochlorous acid with a rate constant that is 3 orders of magnitude larger than that of water oxidation. The data allow the construction of an experimental energy landscape for this water oxidation catalysis process.