Enforcing an outdoor smoking ban on a college campus: Effects of a multicomponent approach

Kari Jo Harris, Julee N. Stearns, Rachel G. Kovach, Solomon W. Harrar

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

52 Scopus citations


Objectives: Data on effective strategies to enforce policies banning outdoor smoking are sparse. This study tested the effects of an enforcement package implemented on a college campus. Participants: Thirty-nine observers recorded compliance of 709 outside smokers. Methods: Smoking within 25 feet of buildings was noncompliant. The intervention included moving receptacles, marking the ground, improving signage, and distributing reinforcements and reminder cards. Results: The proportion of smokers complying with the ban was 33% during the baseline observation period, increased to 74% during the intervention week, and was at 54% during the follow-up. Differences across conditions was statistically significant (χ2(2, N = 709) = 6.299, p <.001). Compliance proportions varied by location in all conditions. Conclusions: Enforcing an outdoor smoking ban using a multiple component package increased compliance with the nonsmoking policy on a college campus.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)121-126
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of American College Health
Issue number2
StatePublished - Sep 1 2009


  • Public policy
  • Smoking
  • Tobacco smoke pollution


Dive into the research topics of 'Enforcing an outdoor smoking ban on a college campus: Effects of a multicomponent approach'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this