Everyday mindfulness and mindfulness meditation: Overlapping constructs or not?

Brian L. Thompson, Jennifer Waltz

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

175 Scopus citations

Abstract

Elaborating on our understanding of the construct of mindfulness is currently a priority as mindfulness-based therapeutic interventions proliferate (Bishop et al., 2004). Two studies examined the relationship between measures of everyday mindfulness, mindfulness during meditation, and the five-factor model personality domains. These studies also investigated the effect of sitting meditation on mood. Two samples were largely naïve to formal sitting meditation, and the third sample was screened for meditation experience. The first study found that everyday mindfulness correlated positively with agreeableness and conscientiousness, and correlated negatively with neuroticism. Little to no relationship was found between mindfulness during meditation and everyday mindfulness across all three samples. Changes in mood following meditation varied across studies.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1875-1885
Number of pages11
JournalPersonality and Individual Differences
Volume43
Issue number7
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 2007

Keywords

  • Measures
  • Meditation
  • Mindfulness
  • Mood
  • Personality

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