Exercise-Induced Cardioprotection and the Therapeutic Potential of RIPC

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Abstract

In the search for innovative solutions to treat ischemic heart disease, recent basic science and clinical approaches have focused on remote ischemic preconditioning (RIPC). Remote ischemic preconditioning involves short intervals of limb blood flow occlusion by the application of a blood pressure cuff inflated to a suprasystolic pressure. The promise of RIPC in the development of new cardioprotective therapies is founded on the premise that it is cost-effective, technically simple, and overcomes many logistical and biochemical hurdles associated with other ischemic preconditioning approaches. However, RIPC as a research subarea is still in its infancy and clinical applications for individuals at high risk of cardiovascular disease remain elusive. The thesis of the current review is that observational and mechanistic similarities between exercise-induced preconditioning and RIPC may reveal novel therapeutic links to cardioprotection. While reductionist understanding of the exercised heart is still in the formative stages, available mechanistic knowledge of exercise-induced cardioprotection is juxtaposed to RIPC and potential implications discussed. In total, additional research is needed in order to fully appreciate the mechanistic and translative connections between exercise and RIPC. Nonetheless, existing rationale are strong and suggest that RIPC approaches may be helpful in the development and application to pharmacologic interventions in those with ischemic heart disease.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)397-403
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Cardiovascular Pharmacology and Therapeutics
Volume22
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 1 2017

Keywords

  • cardioprotection
  • exercise
  • ischemia-reperfusion injury
  • preconditioning

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