Exercise training improves postural steadiness in cancer survivors undergoing chemotherapy

Shane P. Murphy, Reid Hayward, Jeremy D. Smith

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background: Cancer and cancer treatments negatively affect somatosensory, vestibular, and visual inputs that regulate postural stability and balance, increasing the risk of falling. Exercise training has been shown to mitigate other negative side effects of cancer treatments, such as reducing peripheral neuropathy. Research Question: How does 12 weeks of supervised exercise training influence postural stability in cancer survivors who receive chemotherapy? Methods: Postural stability of cancer survivors (n = 25; mass = 79.0 ± 22.6 kg; height = 1.66 ± 0.08 m; age = 61 ± 10 years) receiving chemotherapy was assessed prior to and following a 12-week individualized exercise training program by quantifying changes in center of pressure data. A series of 2-factor (pre/post x condition) analysis of variance with repeated measures were used to identify differences between conditions and pre- and post- training program on time and frequency domain measures. Results: Mediolateral root mean square excursion (p = 0.040; es = 0.20) and resultant mean frequency (p = 0.044; es = 0.29) of the center of pressure trajectory were found to be significantly different between pre- and post-training program. Further, participants dealt better with perturbations after completing the training program by reducing mediolateral root mean square excursion and 95 % confidence ellipse when visual stimulus was removed. Significance: Supervised exercise training in cancer patients undergoing chemotherapy improves postural stability in the mediolateral direction. Given that mediolateral movement of the center of pressure has previously been associated with fallers in other populations, exercise training during cancer treatments may be beneficial.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)136-142
Number of pages7
JournalGait and Posture
Volume87
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 2021

Keywords

  • Balance
  • Cancer
  • Center of pressure
  • Chemotherapy
  • Exercise training

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