Functional and molecular analyses of 10q deletions in human gliomas

Peter A. Steck, Huai Lin, Lauren A. Langford, Samar A. Jasser, Dimpy Koul, W. K.Alfred Yung, Mark A. Pershouse

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Extensive genomic deletions involving chromosome 10 are the most common genetic alteration in glioblastoma multiforme (GBM). To localize and examine the potential roles of two chromosome arm 10q tumor suppressor regions, we used two independent strategies: mapping of allelic deletions, and functional analysis of phenotypic suppression after transfer of chromosome 10 fragments. By allelic deletion analysis, the region of 10q surrounding the MMAC/PTEN locus was shown to be frequently lost in GBMs but maintained in most low- grade astrocytic tumors. An additional region at 10q25 containing the DMBTI locus was lost in all grades of gliomas examined. The potential biological significance of these two regions was further assessed by examining microcell hybrids that contained various fragments of 10q. Somatic cell hybrid clones that retained the MMAC/PTEN locus have a less transformed phenotype with clones exhibiting an inability to grow in soft agarose. However, presence or absence of DMBTI did not correlate with any in vitro phenotype assessed in our model system. These results support a model of molecular progression in gliomas in which the frequent deletion of 10q25-26 is an early event and is followed by the deletion of the MMAC/PTEN during the progression to high- grade GBMs.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)135-143
Number of pages9
JournalGenes Chromosomes and Cancer
Volume24
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 1999

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'Functional and molecular analyses of 10q deletions in human gliomas'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this