Hydrological response of Alpine wetlands to climate warming in the Eastern Tibetan Plateau

Wenjiang Zhang, Yonghong Yi, Kechao Song, John S. Kimball, Qifeng Lu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Alpine wetlands in the Tibetan Plateau (TP) play a crucial role in the regional hydrological cycle due to their strong influence on surface ecohydrological processes; therefore, understanding how TP wetlands respond to climate change is essential for projecting their future condition and potential vulnerability. We investigated the hydrological responses of a large TP wetland complex to recent climate change, by combining multiple satellite observations and in-situ hydro-meteorological records. We found different responses of runoffproduction to regional warming trends among three basins with similar climate, topography and vegetation cover but different wetland proportions. The basin with larger wetland proportion (40.1%) had a lower mean runoffcoefficient (0.173 ± 0.006), and also showed increasingly lower runofflevel (-3.9% year-1, p = 0.002) than the two adjacent basins. The satellite-based observations showed an increasing trend of annual non-frozen period, especially in the wetland-dominated region (2.64 day· year-1, p < 0.10), and a strong extension of vegetation growing-season (0.26-0.41 day· year-1, p < 0.10). Relatively strong increasing trends in evapotranspiration (ET) (~1.00 mm· year-1, p < 0.01) and the vertical temperature gradient above ground surface (0.043 °C· year-1, p < 0.05) in wetland-dominant areas were documented from satellite-based ET observations and weather station records. These results indicate recent surface drying and runoffreduction of alpine wetlands, and their potential vulnerability to degradation with continued climate warming.

Original languageEnglish
Article number336
JournalRemote Sensing
Volume8
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - 2016

Keywords

  • Alpine wetlands
  • Climate warming
  • Hydrological response
  • Tibetan Plateau
  • Zoige

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