Identification of rift valley fever virus nucleocapsid protein-RNA binding inhibitors using a high-throughput screening assay

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Abstract

Rift Valley fever virus (RVFV) is an emerging infectious pathogen that causes severe disease in humans and livestock and has the potential for global spread. Currently, there is no proven effective treatment for RVFV infection, and there is no licensed vaccine. Inhibition of RNA binding to the essential viral nucleocapsid (N) protein represents a potential antiviral therapeutic strategy because all of the functions performed by N during infection involve RNA binding. To target this interaction, we developed a fluorescence polarization-based high-throughput drug-screening assay and tested 26 424 chemical compounds for their ability to disrupt an N-RNA complex. From libraries of Food and Drug Administration-approved drugs, druglike molecules, and natural product extracts, we identified several lead compounds that are promising candidates for medicinal chemistry.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1062-1070
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Biomolecular Screening
Volume17
Issue number8
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 2012

Keywords

  • RNA
  • Rift Valley fever virus
  • fluorescence polarization
  • high-throughput screen
  • nucleocapsid

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