Identifying neurotransmitter spill-over in hippocampal field recordings

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Abstract

A model of synaptic and extra-synaptic excitatory signaling in the hippocampus is presented. The model is used to analytically evaluate the potential contributions of homosynaptic and heterosynaptic glutamate spill-over to receptor signaling during an electrophysiological experiment in which glutamate transporters are pharmacologically blocked. Inhibition of glutamate uptake selectively prolongs the decay kinetics of the second field excitatory postsynaptic potential evoked by paired pulse stimulation of Schaffer collateral axons in area CA1. The model includes AMPA and NMDA glutamate receptors, and the removal of glutamate by transporters and diffusion. We establish analytically that the prolongation cannot be caused by local effects, i.e., the transporters acting within or near the synapse. In contrast, a time profile of glutamate consistent with spill-over from adjacent synapses can explain the effect. The different reaction kinetics of AMPA and NMDA receptors have a significant role in reproducing the experimental results, as explained by analysis of the ODEs governing the reactions.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)169-186
Number of pages18
JournalMathematical Biosciences
Volume240
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 2012

Keywords

  • AMPA receptors
  • Glutamate transporters
  • Hippocampus
  • NMDA receptors
  • Neurotransmitter spill-over

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