BackgroundBecause effective prediction of survival time can be highly beneficial for the treatment of glioblastoma patients, the relationship between survival time and multiple patient characteristics has been investigated. In this paper, we investigate whether the predictive power of a survival model based on clinical patient features improves when MRI features are also included in the model.MethodsThe subjects in this study were 82 glioblastoma patients for whom clinical features as well as MR imaging exams were made available by The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) and The Cancer Imaging Archive (TCIA). Twenty-six imaging features in the available MR scans were assessed by radiologists from the TCGA Glioma Phenotype Research Group. We used multivariate Cox proportional hazards regression to construct 2 survival models: one that used 3 clinical features (age, gender, and KPS) as the covariates and 1 that used both the imaging features and the clinical features as the covariates. Then, we used 2 measures to compare the predictive performance of these 2 models: area under the receiver operating characteristic curve for the 1-year survival threshold and overall concordance index. To eliminate any positive performance estimation bias, we used leave-one-out cross-validation.ResultsThe performance of the model based on both clinical and imaging features was higher than the performance of the model based on only the clinical features, in terms of both area under the receiver operating characteristic curve (P <. 01) and the overall concordance index (P <. 01).ConclusionsImaging features assessed using a controlled lexicon have additional predictive value compared with clinical features when predicting survival time in glioblastoma patients.
- proportional hazards
- survival analysis