Improved tracheostomy-dependent patient outcomes after implementation of the Pediatric Resident Education in Pulmonary (PREP) Boot Camp

Erin K. Khan, Tai M. Lockspeiser, Maxene Meier, Deborah R. Liptzin, Christopher D. Baker

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Introduction: Children with tracheostomies are high risk for morbidity and mortality. Pediatric resident physicians are not routinely taught skills to care for this vulnerable patient population. Few reports link educational interventions to improved patient outcomes. This study evaluates the impact of an intensive educational training program on pediatric residents' observed skills and tracheostomy-dependent patient outcomes. Methods: Pediatric post-graduate year 2 (PGY2) resident physicians rotating through the inpatient pediatric pulmonology month at Children's Hospital Colorado July 2018–2019 participated in the Pediatric Resident Education in Pulmonary (PREP) Boot Camp, an intensive educational program with an interactive lecture and simulation experience on patients with tracheostomy-dependence. PGY2s who partook in PREP and PGY3s who rotated before PREP initiation were invited to be studied. Primary outcomes included: (1) resident skills assessed by direct observation during simulation encounters and (2) rates of intensive care unit (ICU) transfers in tracheostomy-dependent patients following acute events before and after introduction of PREP. We hypothesized that increased education would enhance resident skills and improve patient outcomes by decreasing the rate of ICU transfers. Results: PGY2 residents retained skills learned during PREP up to 11 months following initial participation, and significantly outperformed their PGY3 counterparts. There was a significant decrease in ICU transfer rate in patients with tracheostomies admitted to the pulmonary team during the 19 months following initiation of PREP. Conclusions: Enhanced early education may improve resident physicians' ability to care for complex patients with tracheostomies and could improve outcomes in this high-risk population.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1388-1393
Number of pages6
JournalPediatric Pulmonology
Issue number5
StatePublished - May 2024


  • medical education
  • pediatrics
  • resident
  • tracheostomy


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