Induction of helical structure in a heptapeptide with a metal cross-link: Modification of the lifson-roig helix-coil theory to account for covalent cross-links

Kenneth J. Kise, Bruce E. Bowler

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

A short peptide, acetyl-AHAAAHA-carboxamide, has been synthesized and the histidines cross-linked with a cis-tetraammineruthenium(III) moiety. In the absence of the Ru(III) cross-link, the heptapeptide is essentially structureless, as judged by circular dichroism, NMR chemical shift, and NMR-monitored hydrogen deuterium exchange data. The presence of the cis-Ru(III) cross-link is confirmed by mass spectral data and the characteristic pH dependence of the UV-vis spectrum of the cis-(bis-(imidazole))ruthenium-(III) unit. Circular dichroism data indicate that the Ru(III) cross-linked heptapeptide is approximately 37% helical at 0 °C. The NMR spectrum of the cross-linked peptide has been fully assigned using TOCSY and ROESY experiments. ROE interactions and J-coupling data provide evidence for helical structure. NMR-monitored hydrogen-deuterium exchange data for the Ru(III)-cross-linked peptide, resolved at the level of the individual amides, give larger protection factors at the ends than in the center of the helix. Steric and polarization effects of the Ru(III) cross-link are proposed to cause this unusual apparent protection pattern. A modification to the Lifson-Roig helix-coil model to account for the effect of the i,i+4 Ru-(III) cross-link on the helix-coil transition of a peptide is presented. The model provides an excellent fit to the temperature dependence of the circular dichroism spectrum of the Ru(III)-cross-linked peptide. The modified model indicates that the effect of the cross-link on the nucleation parameter, v2, is modest (about 7-fold) for residues bounded by the cross-link. Significant increases in the propagation parameter, w, occur for residues within the cross-link. The modification to the Lifson-Roig model accounts for the effect of a Ru(III) cross-link on the circular dichroism spectrum of a previously reported 17 residue peptide.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)15826-15837
Number of pages12
JournalBiochemistry
Volume41
Issue number52
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 31 2002

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