Influence of lectin-free interleukin-2 on natural and antibody-dependent cellular cytotoxicity

I. Kimber, T. Bakacs, K. Roberts, M. Moore

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Supernatants derived from MLA-144, a gibbon T cell line that constitutively releases interleukin-2 (IL-2) and which lack detectable interferon (IFN) had the capacity to enhance the natural killer (NK) cell function of human peripheral blood lymphocytes. Percoll fractionation revealed that like IFN-inducible cytotoxic cells lymphocytes responding to MLA-144 supernatants cofractionate with native NK cells. Exposure to MLA-144 conditioned medium also potentiated the cytotoxic capacity of extravascular effector cells which are either unresponsive or weakly responsive to interferon-α (IFN-α). Moreover lymphocyte (K cell)-mediated antibody-dependent cellular cytotoxicity (ADCC) which is unresponsive to IFN-α was in most cases subject to a modest potentiation following treatment with MLA-144 supernatants. These data confirm previous reports that IL-2 can regulate peripheral blood NK cell function and also demonstrate that this lymphokine can also influence those natural cytotoxic mechanisms which are unresponsive to IFN-α.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)77-84
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Clinical and Laboratory Immunology
Volume15
Issue number2
StatePublished - 1984

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