Supernatants derived from MLA-144, a gibbon T cell line that constitutively releases interleukin-2 (IL-2) and which lack detectable interferon (IFN) had the capacity to enhance the natural killer (NK) cell function of human peripheral blood lymphocytes. Percoll fractionation revealed that like IFN-inducible cytotoxic cells lymphocytes responding to MLA-144 supernatants cofractionate with native NK cells. Exposure to MLA-144 conditioned medium also potentiated the cytotoxic capacity of extravascular effector cells which are either unresponsive or weakly responsive to interferon-α (IFN-α). Moreover lymphocyte (K cell)-mediated antibody-dependent cellular cytotoxicity (ADCC) which is unresponsive to IFN-α was in most cases subject to a modest potentiation following treatment with MLA-144 supernatants. These data confirm previous reports that IL-2 can regulate peripheral blood NK cell function and also demonstrate that this lymphokine can also influence those natural cytotoxic mechanisms which are unresponsive to IFN-α.
|Number of pages
|Journal of Clinical and Laboratory Immunology
|Published - 1984