Infrastructure, Multinational Affiliate Production, and the Pattern of Trade

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Abstract

Abstract: In a two-country general equilibrium model with endogenously determined domestic and multinational firms, it is shown that public infrastructure development can have diverging implications for horizontal multinational affiliate firm production and trade, depending on the type of infrastructure invested in. Infrastructure investments with strong productive or local transport effects (i.e. schools or local roads) lead to greater domestic firm production and exports, fewer imports, and more foreign multinational affiliate firm production in the country making the investment. On the other hand, infrastructure projects that lower international trade and transaction costs (i.e. shipping ports or airports) lead to more domestic firms in both countries, a greater volume of bilateral exports in both directions, and less multinational affiliate production. Further, the effect of different types of infrastructure investment on income and welfare of the open economies is explored.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)475-502
Number of pages28
JournalInternational Economic Journal
Volume29
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 3 2015

Keywords

  • development
  • FDI
  • Infrastructure
  • international trade
  • multinational corporations

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