Instrumental conditioning of choice behavior in male Siamese fighting fish (Betta splendens)

Baine B. Craft, Andrew J. Velkey, Allen Szalda-Petree

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

14 Scopus citations


Despite the differences in the response of male Betta splendens toward various stimuli, no research has attempted to determine the preference for a live conspecific versus a mirror presentation. A submerged T-maze was used to present both stimuli to healthy male B. splendens (N=16). The results indicated that subjects' start box and swimway latencies decreased significantly over the 30 trials. Moreover, the analysis of choices demonstrated a modest, but statistically significant, preference for the live conspecific over the mirror presentation. The results are discussed in terms of the stimuli qualities that elicit an aggressive response in B. splendens and the implications for common experimental procedures.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)171-175
Number of pages5
JournalBehavioural Processes
Issue number3
StatePublished - Jul 31 2003


  • Betta splendens
  • Choice behavior
  • Conspecific
  • Instrumental conditioning
  • Mirror


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