Intermediates in the constitutive and regulated secretory pathways released in vitro from semi-intact cells

Mark Grimes, Regis B. Kelly

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Regulated secretory cells have two pathways that transport secreted proteins from the Golgi complex to the cell surface. To identify carrier vesicles involved in regulated and constitutive secretion, PC12 pheochromocytoma cells were labeled with [35S]sulfate to identify markers for the two secretory pathways, then mechanically permeabilized and incubated in vitro. Small constitutive secretory vesicles, containing mostly sulfated proteoglycans, accumulated during an in vitro incubation with ATP. In the presence of GTPγS, the constitutive vesicles became significantly more dense, suggesting that a coated intermediate was stabilized. Larger immature regulated secretory granules enriched in sulfated secretogranin II, also escaped from the permeabilized cells in vitro. During granule maturation, their density increased and the amount of cofractionating proteoglycans diminished. The data suggest that sorting continues during secretory granule maturation.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)539-549
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of Cell Biology
Volume117
Issue number3
StatePublished - May 1992

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