Magnitude of Deformity Correction May Influence Recovery of Quadriceps Strength After Total Knee Arthroplasty

Brian J. Loyd, Jason M. Jennings, Jason R. Falvey, Raymond H. Kim, Douglas A. Dennis, Jennifer E. Stevens-Lapsley

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background Malalignment of the lower extremity is commonly seen in patients with severe osteoarthritis undergoing total knee arthroplasty (TKA) and is believed to play a role in quadriceps strength loss. Deformity correction is typically achieved through surgical techniques to provide appropriate ligamentous balancing. Therefore, this study examined the influence of change in lower extremity alignment on quadriceps strength outcomes after TKA. Methods Seventy-three participants (36 male; mean age, 62 years; and mean body mass index, 29.7 kg/m2) undergoing primary unilateral TKA were used in this investigation. Before surgery and at 1 and 6 months after surgery, measures of isometric knee extensor strength, quadriceps activation, and long-standing plain films were collected. Using the films, measures of mechanical axis, distal femoral angle (DFA), proximal tibial angle, and patellofemoral angle were performed. Hierarchical linear regression was used to evaluate how change in alignment from baseline to 1 and 6 months influenced the change in quadriceps strength. Results DFA was found to significantly contribute to changes in quadriceps strength at 1 and 6 months after TKA above those contributed by associated covariates. None of the other measures of lower extremity alignment were found to contribute to quadriceps strength in this sample. Conclusion Reductions in quadriceps strength experienced after TKA are likely to be influenced by changes in lower extremity alignment. Specifically, measures of DFA were found to significantly contribute to these changes. Future work is needed to prospectively examine measures of lower extremity alignment change and recovery after TKA.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2730-2737
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Arthroplasty
Volume32
Issue number9
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 2017

Keywords

  • TKA
  • functional recovery
  • lower extremity alignment
  • quadriceps strength
  • rehabilitation

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