Memory self-efficacy and working memory

Genna M. Mashinchi, Stuart Hall, Kelly A. Cotter

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Dementia affects multiple aspects of cognitive functioning, including working memory and executive functioning. Memory self-efficacy (MSE) has previously been related to episodic memory performance and to executive functioning, but little research has examined the relations between MSE and working memory. United States older adults (N = 197) were recruited via MTurk to complete an MSE questionnaire before completing a digit span working memory task. Hierarchical regression results revealed that the model accounted for a significant amount of variance in working memory performance after statistically controlling for several covariates, F(11, 179) = 4.94, p <.001, adjusted R 2 =.19. MSE explained a large and unique portion of variance (B = 1.02, SE = 0.17, p <.001). Based on our findings, one’s beliefs about their memory are positively associated with their working memory performance. These novel findings provide support for neuropsychologists to consider using MSE measures and utilizing MSE interventions.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)742-761
Number of pages20
JournalAging, Neuropsychology, and Cognition
Issue number4
StatePublished - 2023


  • Memory self-efficacy
  • aging
  • cognitive functioning
  • self-efficacy
  • working memory


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