Methods for Extraction and Detection of Pf Bacteriophage DNA from the Sputum of Patients with Cystic Fibrosis

Elizabeth B. Burgener, Patrick R. Secor, Michael C. Tracy, Johanna M. Sweere, Elisabeth M. Bik, Carlos E. Milla, Paul L. Bollyky

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

8 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background: There is increasing interest in the pulmonary microbiome's bacterial and viral communities, particularly in the context of chronic airway infections in cystic fibrosis (CF). However, the isolation of microbial DNA from the sputum from patients with CF is technically challenging and the optimal protocols for the analysis of viral species, including bacteriophage, from clinical samples remains difficult. Materials and Methods: In this study, we evaluate a set of methods developed for processing and analyzing sputum from patients with CF with the goal of detecting Pf bacteriophage virion-derived nucleic acid. We evaluate the impact of bead beating, deoxyribonuclease digestion, and heating steps in these protocols focusing on the quantitative assessment of Pseudomonas aeruginosa and Pf bacteriophage in sputum. Results: Based on these comparative data, we describe an optimized protocol for processing sputum from patients with CF and isolating DNA for polymerase chain reaction or sequencing-based studies. Conclusion: These studies demonstrate the assessment of a specific bacteriophage and bacteria in sputum from patients with CF.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)100-108
Number of pages9
JournalPHAGE: Therapy, Applications, and Research
Volume1
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 1 2020

Keywords

  • DNA extraction
  • bacteriophage
  • cystic fibrosis
  • sputum

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