Mindfulness and Health Behaviors

Desleigh Gilbert, Jennifer Waltz

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

107 Scopus citations


Mindfulness involves nonjudgmental awareness of one's present experience. It has been incorporated into the treatment of many psychological and physical disorders. Little is currently known about the extent to which mindful awareness is related to healthy diet and physical activity. In the current study, we examined the extent to which degree of mindfulness in everyday life predicts diet, physical activity, and self-efficacy. Participants (n = 269) were volunteers from a mid-sized Western university. They completed measures of mindfulness, physical activity, diet, and self-efficacy. Degree of mindfulness in everyday life predicted physical activity, fruit and vegetable intake, fat intake (males only), and self-efficacy. Important gender differences emerged, with the ability to step back and observe experience predicting healthier behaviors for males, and the ability to mindfully describe experiences with words predicting healthier behaviors for females.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)227-234
Number of pages8
Issue number4
StatePublished - 2010


  • Mindfulness
  • diet
  • gender differences
  • physical activity
  • self-efficacy


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