Exercise provides protection against ischemia-reperfusion (I-R)-induced arrhythmias, myocardial stunning, and infarction. An exercise-induced increase in myocardial manganese superoxide dismutase (MnSOD) activity has been reported to be vital for protection against infarction. However, whether MnSOD is essential for exercise-induced protection against ventricular arrhythmias is unknown. We determined the effects of preventing the exercise-induced increase in MnSOD activity on arrhythmias during I-R resulting in myocardial stunning. Male rats remained sedentary or were subjected to successive bouts of endurance exercise. During in vivo myocardial I-R, the incidence of arrhythmias was significantly lower in the exercise-trained rats than in the sedentary rats as evidenced by the arrhythmia. When exercised rats were pretreated with antisense oligonucleotides directed against MnSOD, protection from arrhythmias was attenuated. Moreover, I-R resulted in significant increases in nitro-tyrosine (NT) in the sedentary group. Exercise abolished this I-R-induced NT formation but this protection was unchanged by antisense treatment. Protein carbonyls were increased by I-R, but neither exercise nor antisense treatment impacted carbonyl formation. These data demonstrate that an exercise-induced increase in MnSOD activity is important for protection against arrhythmias. The mechanism by which MnSOD provides protection does not appear to be linked to protein nitrosylation or oxidation.
|Number of pages
|Free Radical Biology and Medicine
|Published - Nov 1 2004
- Free radicals