Modeling of ambient glutamate concentration measurement in the mammalian nervous system

D. Shchepakin, M. Kavanaugh, L. Kalachev

Research output: Contribution to journalConference articlepeer-review

Abstract

A neuron is an electrically excitable cell that processes and transmits information through electrical and chemical signals. Neurons connect and pass signals to other cells through the structure called synapse. We focus on synapses through which the signals are transferred by signaling molecules called neurotransmitters. One of the predominant excitatory neurotransmitters in the central nervous system of the mammals, including humans, is glutamate. It is directly or indirectly involved in most brain functions. However, the excessive stimulation of the glutamate receptors is toxic to neurons, therefore it is important to rapidly clear the glutamate from the extra-cellular space and keep its concentration low. Glutamate transporters play a crucial role in regulating glutamate concentration in synaptic clefts. Thus, it is important to understand the mechanisms underlying this process. We describe measurement of the glutamate concentration in the extracellular space. It is important to estimate the baseline glutamate concentration to use it in future models and studies. However, two existing methods of measuring the glutamate concentration in the extracellular space give inconsistent results with about 100 fold difference. We construct the model of the process of the glutamate concentration measurement in order to explain that discrepancy.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)717-730
Number of pages14
JournalCEUR Workshop Proceedings
Volume1638
DOIs
StatePublished - 2016
Event2016 International Conference Information Technology and Nanotechnology, ITNT 2016 - Samara, Russian Federation
Duration: May 17 2016May 19 2016

Keywords

  • Ambient neurotransmitter
  • Glutamate transport
  • Microdialysis
  • Tonic signaling

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