Moving beyond tourists' concepts of authenticity: place-based tourism differentiation within rural zones of Chilean Patagonia

Trace Gale, Keith Bosak, Laura Caplins

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

    Abstract

    This paper explores the potential for rural and remote zones of emergent destinations to base their tourism development on endogenous resources and place-based differentiation through analysis of a two-phase case study within the geographic zone known as Patagonia. The first phase of the research explored independent tourism consumption within a new independent travel circuit designed to integrate rural zones of the Aysén Region of Chile with adjacent tourism zones in the Santa Cruz Province of Argentina, including the iconic Mount Fitz Roy and the town of El Chalten. This phase sought to understand perceptions and preferences relating to authenticity. Results highlighted differences between host and guest concepts of welcomeness; which, negatively impacted consumption in the rural Chilean zones of the circuit. The second phase explored local service provider perspectives within these zones, surfacing place-based customs and practices that; while authentic, were not recognized, understood, or valued by the visitors who participated in phase one. Discussion proposes that subtle aspects of local cultures, such as those identified by the current study, represent unrecognized endogenous assets that can be leveraged within differentiation strategies for place-based development, thus providing emergent destinations with alternatives to place-neutral strategies, like commodification and standardization.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)264-286
    Number of pages23
    JournalJournal of Tourism and Cultural Change
    Volume11
    Issue number4
    DOIs
    StatePublished - Dec 2013

    Keywords

    • authenticity
    • commodification
    • construction (of place)
    • endogenous
    • identity
    • sustainable tourism

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